This site is an archived version of Voteview.com archived from University of Georgia on May 23, 2017. This point-in-time capture includes all files publicly linked on Voteview.com at that time. We provide access to this content as a service to ensure that past users of Voteview.com have access to historical files. This content will remain online until at least January 1st, 2018. UCLA provides no warranty or guarantee of access to these files.

POLI 279 MEASUREMENT THEORY
Fourth Assignment
Due 19 May 2006

1. In this problem we are going to run a simple Epsilon macro that we create in advance! The macro takes the two-dimensional coordinates from the KYST output and combines them with the color row names from the printer-output file (PRN) you generated in Homework # 3 Problem 4. Here is the macro:
```

(define-macro "hw4" "C-U41C-FC-KC-YC-AC-NC-XoC-XoC-YC-AC-XpC-U19C-FC-MC-PC-KC-YC-DC-AC-NC-XoC-YC-AC-EC-MC-XpC-Xp")```
• Simply highlight the above, put it on the clipboard, and paste it into Epsilon and save it in the same directory that you have the output files for the color example. Below I assume that you call the file macro_hw4.txt (but you can call it whatever you want).

• Now, bring up the KYST coordinates in the top window, the color matrix in a center window, and an empty window at the bottom. It should look like this:

• Make sure that you have positioned the cursor in the top window at the beginning of the line for the first set of coordinates and positioned the cursor in the middle window at the beginning of the line "434 INDIGO..." The Macro assumes that you are starting it with the cursor in the top window a the beginning of the line with the first set of coordinates.

• Now, to load the macro into Epsilon, type:

Alt-X

and you will see Command: appear at the bottom of the screen. Now type:

and you should see:

Now hit Enter and type:

macro_hw4.txt

You should see:

• Now hit Enter and you should see the following:

If you see 0 errors detected. then Epsilon is satisifed that the macro is a legal series of commands.

• Before continuing with executing the macro, note that above what Epsilon wanted was the name of a buffer -- that is, a file that it has in its buffer list -- this is why you pulled macro_hw4.txt into Epsilon earlier. If you forget the names of files that you have been working with you can always see the list of Epsilon buffers by typing the command at any time:

C-XC-B (Manipulate a List of Buffers Command)

And you will see:

• To execute the macro one time type:

Alt-X then
hw4

You should see:

Now hit Enter and the macro executes one time and your screen should show this:

• To execute the macro multiple times use the C-U command (Set Numeric Argument Command); namely, do the keystrokes:

C-U13Alt-Xhw4

and you will see:

• Now hit Enter and you will see:

• Save color_coords.txt and close the other two windows.

1. Modify the Double_Center_color_circle.r program from Homework # 3 Problem 3 to read this file and make the plot. For example, the read commands should look like this:
```
#
#  Remove all objects just to be safe
#
rm(list=ls(all=TRUE))
#
library(MASS)
#
#
rcx.file <- "c:/ucsd_homework_4/color_coords.txt"
#
# Standard fields and their widths
#
rcx.fields <- c("colorname","x1","x2")
rcx.fieldWidths <- c(19,7,7)
#
# Read the vote data from fwf
#
dim(U)
ncolU <- length(U[1,])
T <- U[,2:ncolU]
#
#
nrow <- length(T[,1])
ncol <- length(T[1,])
#
colorx1 <- T[,1]
colorx2 <- T[,2]
#
etc. etc. etc.```

Make a plot of the color coordinates. Turn in the plot and your R code.

2. Edit macro_hw4.txt so that you can use it to create the coordinate file for Table 1.3 -- the similarities for nations. Call the macro macro_hw4_2b.txt. Turn in this macro and the file that it creates.

2. In this problem we are going to analyze Eckman's famous color circle data with the KYST program in R. Use the R program below to do this exercise:

NonMetric_MDS_Color_Circle.r -- Program to run non-metric MDS on the Color Circle Data
```#
# NonMetric_MDS_color_circle.r -- NonMetric MDS Program
#
#
#      **************** The Eckman Color Data *****************
#
# 434 INDIGO        100  86  42  42  18   6   7   4   2   7   9  12  13  16
# 445 BLUE           86 100  50  44  22   9   7   7   2   4   7  11  13  14
# 465                42  50 100  81  47  17  10   8   2   1   2   1   5   3
# 472 BLUE-GREEN     42  44  81 100  54  25  10   9   2   1   0   1   2   4
# 490                18  22  47  54 100  61  31  26   7   2   2   1   2   0
# 504 GREEN           6   9  17  25  61 100  62  45  14   8   2   2   2   1
# 537                 7   7  10  10  31  62 100  73  22  14   5   2   2   0
# 555 YELLOW-GREEN    4   7   8   9  26  45  73 100  33  19   4   3   2   2
# 584                 2   2   2   2   7  14  22  33 100  58  37  27  20  23
# 600 YELLOW          7   4   1   1   2   8  14  19  58 100  74  50  41  28
# 610                 9   7   2   0   2   2   5   4  37  74 100  76  62  55
# 628 ORANGE-YELLOW  12  11   1   1   1   2   2   3  27  50  76 100  85  68
# 651 ORANGE         13  13   5   2   2   2   2   2  20  41  62  85 100  76
# 674 RED            16  14   3   4   0   1   0   2  23  28  55  68  76 100
#
#
#  Remove all objects just to be safe
#
rm(list=ls(all=TRUE))
#
library(MASS)
library(stats)
#
#
rcx.file <- "c:/ucsd_homework_4/color_circle.txt"
#
# Standard fields and their widths
#
rcx.fields <- c("colorname","x1","x2","x3","x4","x5",
"x6","x7","x8","x9","x10","x11","x12","x13","x14")
rcx.fieldWidths <- c(18,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4)
#
# Read the vote data from fwf
#
dim(U)
ncolU <- length(U[1,])
T <- U[,2:ncolU]
TT <- ((100-T)/50)^2      Here is the Transformation into Distances
T <- TT
#
nrow <- length(T[,1])
ncol <- length(T[1,])
#
names <- c("434 Indigo","445 Blue","465","472 Blue-Green","490","504 Green","537",
"555 Yellow-Green","584","600 Yellow","610","628 Orange-Yellow",
"651 Orange","674 Red")
#
# pos -- a position specifier for the text. Values of 1, 2, 3 and 4,
# respectively indicate positions below, to the left of, above and
# to the right of the specified coordinates
#
namepos <- rep(2,nrow)
#
#  The KYST routine does not like zero distances in the off-diagonal!!!
#     Do Error Catch here if necessary
#                                         This Error Catch is Necessary if
# If T[i,j] = 0 set TT[i,j] = .03           you have an off-diagonal term that is 0.0
#             else if set TT[i,j] = T[i,j]
#
#TT <- ifelse(T==0,0.03,T)
#
#
#  Call Classical Kruskal-Young-Shepard-Torgerson Non-Metric
#           Multidimensional Scaling Program
#
# TT -- Input
# kdim=2 -- number of dimensions
# y -- starting configuration (generated internally)
#
kdim <- 2
y <- rep(0,kdim*nrow)           The R routine is fussy about wanting
dim(y) <- c(nrow,kdim)            y to be a declared matrix!
#
wandrnmds <- isoMDS(TT,y=cmdscale(TT,kdim),kdim, maxit=50)
#
xmax <- c(wandrnmds\$points[,1],wandrnmds\$points[,2])
axismax <- max(abs(xmax))
#
#  ############################################
#  Flip Signs of Dimensions as Necessary Here
#  ############################################
#
xx <- -wandrnmds\$points[,1]
yy <- -wandrnmds\$points[,2]
#
#
plot(xx,yy,type="n",asp=1,
main="",
xlab="",
ylab="",
xlim=c(-axismax,axismax),ylim=c(-axismax,axismax),font=2)
#
text(-axismax+.10,axismax,paste("Stress = ",                 This is a nifty way to plot
0.01*round(wandrnmds\$stress, 2)),col="purple",cex=1.2) the Stress Value
#                                                            R Puts Stress out as a Percentage
#
points(xx,yy,pch=16,col="red",font=2)
text(xx,yy,names,pos=namepos,offset=0.2,col="blue",font=2)
#
#
# Main title
mtext("The Color Circle \nFrom NonMetric MDS in R",side=3,line=1.25,cex=1.5,font=2)
# x-axis title
mtext("",side=1,line=2.75,cex=1.2,font=2)
# y-axis title
mtext("",side=2,line=2.5,cex=1.2,font=2)
#```
1. Tidy up the plot so it looks nice as you did in Problem 3 of Homework 3. That is, change the values in namepos accordingly.

2. Use Epsilon to change the number of dimensions and run the program in 1, 3, 4, and 5 dimensions. Plot the Stress values for 1 - 5 dimensions in the same fashion as you plotted the eigenvalues in Problem 3 of Homework 3. Turn in the plot and the R code.

3. Continuing with the color circle data, we are going to read in starting coordinates for the KYST program in R. Use the R program below to do this exercise:

NonMetric_MDS_Color_Circle_2.r -- Program to run non-metric MDS on the Color Circle Data
The two R programs are essentially the same except for the extra read of the color coordinates themselves:
```#
# NonMetric_MDS_color_circle_2.r -- NonMetric MDS Program
#
#
#      **************** The Eckman Color Data *****************
#
# 434 INDIGO        100  86  42  42  18   6   7   4   2   7   9  12  13  16
# 445 BLUE           86 100  50  44  22   9   7   7   2   4   7  11  13  14
# 465                42  50 100  81  47  17  10   8   2   1   2   1   5   3
# 472 BLUE-GREEN     42  44  81 100  54  25  10   9   2   1   0   1   2   4
# 490                18  22  47  54 100  61  31  26   7   2   2   1   2   0
# 504 GREEN           6   9  17  25  61 100  62  45  14   8   2   2   2   1
# 537                 7   7  10  10  31  62 100  73  22  14   5   2   2   0
# 555 YELLOW-GREEN    4   7   8   9  26  45  73 100  33  19   4   3   2   2
# 584                 2   2   2   2   7  14  22  33 100  58  37  27  20  23
# 600 YELLOW          7   4   1   1   2   8  14  19  58 100  74  50  41  28
# 610                 9   7   2   0   2   2   5   4  37  74 100  76  62  55
# 628 ORANGE-YELLOW  12  11   1   1   1   2   2   3  27  50  76 100  85  68
# 651 ORANGE         13  13   5   2   2   2   2   2  20  41  62  85 100  76
# 674 RED            16  14   3   4   0   1   0   2  23  28  55  68  76 100
#
#
#  Remove all objects just to be safe
#
rm(list=ls(all=TRUE))
#
library(MASS)
library(stats)
#
#
rcx.file <- "c:/ucsd_homework_4/color_circle.txt"
#
# Standard fields and their widths
#
rcx.fields <- c("colorname","x1","x2","x3","x4","x5",
"x6","x7","x8","x9","x10","x11","x12","x13","x14")
rcx.fieldWidths <- c(18,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4)
#
# Read the vote data from fwf
#
dim(U)
ncolU <- length(U[1,])
T <- U[,2:ncolU]
TT <- ((100-T)/50)^2
T <- TT
#
nrow <- length(T[,1])
ncol <- length(T[1,])
#
rcx.file <- "c:/ucsd_homework_4/color_coords.txt"
#                                                 Here is the extra read --
# Standard fields and their widths                  Starting Coordinates are read in
#
rcx.fields <- c("colorname2","xx1","xx2")
rcx.fieldWidths <- c(19,7,7)
#
# Read the vote data from fwf
#
dim(UU)
ncolUU <- length(UU[1,])
y <- as.matrix(UU[,2:ncolUU])                  Note this -- R can be funny about
#                                                data types
names <- c("434 Indigo","445 Blue","465","472 Blue-Green","490","504 Green","537",
"555 Yellow-Green","584","600 Yellow","610","628 Orange-Yellow",
"651 Orange","674 Red")
#
# pos -- a position specifier for the text. Values of 1, 2, 3 and 4,
# respectively indicate positions below, to the left of, above and
# to the right of the specified coordinates
#
namepos <- rep(2,nrow)
#
#  The KYST routine does not like zero distances in the off-diagonal!!!
#     Do Error Catch here if necessary
#
# If T[i,j] = 0 set TT[i,j] = .03
#             else if set TT[i,j] = T[i,j]
#
#TT <- ifelse(T==0,0.03,T)
#
#
#  Call Classical Kruskal-Young-Shepard-Torgerson Non-Metric
#           Multidimensional Scaling Program
#
# TT -- Input
# kdim=2 -- number of dimensions
# y -- starting configuration (generated internally)
#
kdim <- 2
#y <- rep(0,kdim*nrow)
#dim(y) <- c(nrow,kdim)
#
wandrnmds <- isoMDS(TT,y,kdim, maxit=50)     Contrast this with the previous version
#
xmax <- c(wandrnmds\$points[,1],wandrnmds\$points[,2])
axismax <- max(abs(xmax))
#
#  ############################################
#  Flip Signs of Dimensions as Necessary Here
#  ############################################
#
xx <- -wandrnmds\$points[,1]
yy <- -wandrnmds\$points[,2]
#
#
plot(xx,yy,type="n",asp=1,
main="",
xlab="",
ylab="",
xlim=c(-axismax,axismax),ylim=c(-axismax,axismax),font=2)
#
text(-axismax+.10,axismax,paste("Stress = ",
0.01*round(wandrnmds\$stress, 2)),col="purple",cex=1.2)
#
#
points(xx,yy,pch=16,col="red",font=2)
text(xx,yy,names,pos=namepos,offset=0.2,col="blue",font=2)
#
#
# Main title
mtext("The Color Circle \nFrom NonMetric MDS in R",side=3,line=1.25,cex=1.5,font=2)
# x-axis title
mtext("",side=1,line=2.75,cex=1.2,font=2)
# y-axis title
mtext("",side=2,line=2.5,cex=1.2,font=2)
#```
1. Tidy up the plot so it looks nice as you did in Problem 3 of Homework 3. That is, change the values in namepos accordingly.

2. Here is what the coordinate file looks like:
```
434 INDIGO         -0.317  0.902
445 BLUE           -0.368  0.818
465                -0.900  0.566
472 BLUE-GREEN     -0.965  0.503
490                -0.988 -0.133
504 GREEN          -0.828 -0.650
537                -0.547 -0.862
555 YELLOW-GREEN   -0.310 -0.977
584                 0.562 -0.736
600 YELLOW          0.830 -0.389
610                 1.026 -0.074
628 ORANGE-YELLOW   1.006  0.227
651 ORANGE          0.914  0.346
674 RED             0.885  0.459```
Use Epsilon to arbitrarily change some of the coordinates and run the program to see if you get back the same Stress value. Do this 5 times and turn in each plot and each set of starting coordinates.

4. Returning to the Supreme Court Example, we are going to read in starting coordinates for the KYST program in R and compare the coordinates we get in R with those we got from KYST. Use the R program below to do this exercise:

NonMetric_MDS_Supremes.r -- Program to run non-metric MDS on Supreme Court Data
This R program is essentially the same as the one in question 3 except we have to worry about missing data in the agreement score matrix (the -99's):
```#
# NonMetric_MDS_Supremes.r -- NonMetric MDS Program
#
#BURGER      100 81 86 87 71 88-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 81 67 39 77 54 53 80-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#BLACKMUN     81100 80 72 77 72 66 70 72 55 67-99-99-99-99 78 69 42 75 65 64 76-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#POWELL       86 80100 83 74 86 85-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 42 80 57 56 79-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#REHNQUIS     87 72 83100 67 87 89 88 78 86 73 70-99-99-99-99-99 33 74 46 46 77-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#STEVENS      71 77 74 67100 71 65 70 75 56 80 78-99-99-99-99-99-99 75 65 65 69-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#OCONNOR      88 72 86 87 71100 85 86 81 81 75 77-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 51 52 77-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#SCALIA      -99 66 85 89 65 85100 87 77 92 70 64-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 50 51 79-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#KENNEDY     -99 70-99 88 70 86 87100 84 82 79 75-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 50 52 80-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#SOUTER      -99 72-99 78 75 81 77 84100 72 87 84-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 53100 76-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#THOMAS      -99 55-99 86 56 81 92 82 72100 67 63-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 74-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#GINSBURG    -99 67-99 73 80 75 70 79 87 67100 84-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#BREYER      -99-99-99 70 78 77 64 75 84 63 84100-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99
#RUTLEDGE    -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99100 86 63-99 85 78-99-99-99-99-99-99 58-99 62 65-99-99-99 57
#MURPHY      -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 86100 64-99 85 79-99-99-99-99-99-99 61-99 58 62-99-99-99 57
#VINSON      -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 63 64100-99 63 59-99-99-99-99-99 91 70-99 83 84-99-99 87 75
#HARLAN       81 78-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99100 58 50 78 70 66 74 60 74 86 81 77 67 63 59 72-99
#BLACK        67 69-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 85 85 63 58100 77 67 66 76 73 81 67 60 57 60 60 68 78 62 57
#DOUGLAS      39 42 42 33-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 78 79 59 50 77100 58 70 76 56 79 61 55 52 56 60 76 80 57 53
#STEWART      77 75 80 74 75-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 78 67 58100 69 70 76 71 77 79 82-99-99 72 77-99-99
#MARSHALL     54 65 57 46 65 51 50 50 53-99-99-99-99-99-99 70 66 70 69100 91 59 90-99-99-99-99-99 89-99-99-99
#BRENNAN      53 64 56 46 65 52 51 52100-99-99-99-99-99-99 66 76 76 70 91100 64 91 77 67 66 65 69 87 90-99-99
#WHITE        80 76 79 77 69 77 79 80 76 74-99-99-99-99-99 74 73 56 76 59 64100 79 83-99-99-99-99 75 78-99-99
#WARREN      -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 60 81 79 71 90 91 79100 77 63 62 66 71 85 87 75 75
#CLARK       -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 91 74 67 61 77-99 77 83 77100 71 75 81 82 74 71 84 78
#FRANKFUR    -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 58 61 70 86 60 55 79-99 67-99 63 71100 80 72 67-99-99 68 80
#WHITTAKE    -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 81 57 52 82-99 66-99 62 75 80100 80-99-99-99-99-99
#BURTON      -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 62 58 83 77 60 56-99-99 65-99 66 81 72 80100 82-99-99 82 74
#REED        -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 65 62 84 67 60 60-99-99 69-99 71 82 67-99 82100-99-99 83 73
#FORTAS      -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 63 68 76 72 89 87 75 85 74-99-99-99-99100-99-99-99
#GOLDBERG    -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 59 78 80 77-99 90 78 87 71-99-99-99-99-99100-99-99
#MINTON      -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 87 72 62 57-99-99-99-99 75 84 68-99 82 83-99-99100 73
#JACKSON     -99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99-99 57 57 75-99 57 53-99-99-99-99 75 78 80-99 74 73-99-99 73100
#
#
#
#  Remove all objects just to be safe
#
rm(list=ls(all=TRUE))
#
library(MASS)
library(stats)
#
#
rcx.file <- "c:/ucsd_homework_4/Supremes_Agree.txt"
#
# Standard fields and their widths
#
rcx.fields <- c("supremename","x1","x2","x3","x4","x5",
"x6","x7","x8","x9","x10","x11","x12","x13","x14",
"x15","x16","x17","x18","x19","x20","x21","x22","x23","x24",
"x25","x26","x27","x28","x29","x30","x31","x32")
rcx.fieldWidths <- c(12,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3)
#
# Read the vote data from fwf
#
dim(U)
ncolU <- length(U[1,])
T <- U[,2:ncolU]
TT <- ((100-T)/50)^2
T <- TT
#
nrow <- length(T[,1])
ncol <- length(T[1,])
#
rcx.file <- "c:/ucsd_homework_4/supreme_names_2.txt"
#
# Standard fields and their widths
#
rcx.fields <- c("supremename2","xx1","xx2")
rcx.fieldWidths <- c(12,7,7)
#
# Read the vote data from fwf
#
dim(UU)
ncolUU <- length(UU[1,])
y <- as.matrix(UU[,2:ncolUU])
names <- UU[,1]
#
#
# pos -- a position specifier for the text. Values of 1, 2, 3 and 4,
# respectively indicate positions below, to the left of, above and
# to the right of the specified coordinates
#
namepos <- rep(2,nrow)
#
#  The KYST routine does not like zero distances in the off-diagonal!!!
#     Do Error Catch here if necessary
#
# If T[i,j] = 0 set TT[i,j] = .03
#             else if set TT[i,j] = T[i,j]
#
TT <- ifelse(T == 0,0.03,T)
#
TT <- ifelse(T >= 4.01,NA,TT)    Here is where the original -99's are set
i <- 1                             equal to missing data
while (i <= nrow){
TT[i,i]=0.0
i <- i + 1
}
#
#  Call Classical Kruskal-Young-Shepard-Torgerson Non-Metric
#           Multidimensional Scaling Program
#
# TT -- Input
# kdim=2 -- number of dimensions
# y -- starting configuration (generated internally)
#
kdim <- 2
#y <- rep(0,kdim*nrow)
#dim(y) <- c(nrow,kdim)
#
wandrnmds <- isoMDS(TT,y,kdim, maxit=50)
#
xmax <- c(wandrnmds\$points[,1],wandrnmds\$points[,2])
axismax <- max(abs(xmax))
#
#  ############################################
#  Flip Signs of Dimensions as Necessary Here
#  ############################################
#
xx <- -wandrnmds\$points[,1]
yy <- -wandrnmds\$points[,2]
#
#
plot(xx,yy,type="n",asp=1,
main="",
xlab="",
ylab="",
xlim=c(-axismax,axismax),ylim=c(-axismax,axismax),font=2)
#
text(-axismax+.10,axismax,paste("Stress = ",
0.01*round(wandrnmds\$stress, 2)),col="purple",cex=1.2)
#
#
points(xx,yy,pch=16,col="red",font=2)
text(xx,yy,names,pos=namepos,offset=0.2,col="blue",font=2)
#
#
# Main title
mtext("The Supremes \nFrom NonMetric MDS in R",side=3,line=1.25,cex=1.5,font=2)
# x-axis title
mtext("",side=1,line=2.75,cex=1.2,font=2)
# y-axis title
mtext("",side=2,line=2.5,cex=1.2,font=2)
#```
1. Tidy up the plot so it looks nice; that is, change the values in namepos accordingly. Compare this plot from R with the one you generated from KYST (used as starting coordinates here). Does anything strike you as odd about the one from R? Compare the Stress values. Does anything strike you as odd about them?

2. Replicate the above with the three dimensional coordinates from KYST. That is, change the R program so it reads, say, supreme_names_3.txt and runs in three dimensions. Turn in the two-dimensional plot (note that it will graph dimension 1 versus dimension 2) and compare the Stress value from R with the Stress value from KYST.

5. The aim of this problem is to show you how to use KYST to estimate coordinates for the members of Congress by analyzing the agreement score matrix computed from the roll calls. To do this you need to run a program that creates the agreement scores from the roll call data and then you need to use Epsilon to paste the agreement score matrix into a file that KYST understands. Download the agreement score matrix program, the 108th Senate roll call data, and the "control card" file:

HOUSYM3.EXE -- Agreement Score Program
SEN108KH.ORD -- 108th Senate Roll Call Data
SYMSTRT3.DAT -- Control Card File for Agreement Score Program

and place them in the same folder on a WINTEL machine. SYMSTRT3.DAT looks like this:
```
SEN108KH.ORD
SEN108.DAT
(36A1,1600I1)
675  36  20 0.025```
The first line is the name of the roll call matrix that the program will read and compute the agreement scores from. The second line is the name of the output file (its a good idea to name the output file something that you can remember!). The third line, in order, has the number of roll call votes (note that this number is always 4 digits -- in this case, 0675); the number of characters before the first roll call, 0036; the number of roll call votes a Senator would have to cast to be included in the output, 0020; and the minimum minority margin for the roll calls, 00.025. What this means is that all roll call votes 97-3 to 50-50 are included. This throws out unanimous, 100-0, and near unanimous roll calls (99-1 and 98-2).

If you analyzed a matrix with 1122 roll calls, the third line would be:
```
1122  36  20 0.025```
. At the command line type

HOUSYM3

The program should only take a few seconds to run and it produces two output files -- SEN108.DAT that you specified in the "control card" file, and a diagnostics file HOUSYM3.DAT:
```
1089991099 0USA     200  BUSH        100  95  88  87  91  97  83  31  36   7  14  95  86  10  16  20  21  21  25  96  95  11  10  96  92  12  92  24  95  96   9  96  92  97  98  48  31  74  65   9   7   6   4  13  14  12  93  95  93  95  93  19  96  95  65  96  14  90  91   8   8  14  93  10  13   4  93  24  20  92  87  93  96  93  10  98  83  59   7  16  90  14  14  95  97  95  93  95  97  18  10  95  90  18  13  19  13  19  17  93  95
1084970041 0ALABAMA 20001SESSIONS     95 100  91  86  89  94  80  25  29  12  18  93  85  14  19  19  25  13  20  92  89  13  17  92  91  11  88  27  89  91  13  90  90  92  92  43  30  75  73  15  10  12  10  15  12  17  86  90  91  90  89  35  92  88  49  92  20  87  89  14  12  19  90  14  17  10  91  25  22  83  85  92  94  87  19  93  78  67  13  18  91  18  19  91  89  92  88  89  90  19  15  90  88  18  17  16  16  16  17  92  94
1089465941 0ALABAMA 20001SHELBY       88  91 100  90  91  88  77  30  33  17  24  90  86  20  25  24  30  16  25  93  90  19  23  91  93  18  87  32  89  92  20  89  91  91  92  47  36  77  74  21  17  18  12  20  17  23  88  93  92  91  91  39  91  89  54  86  25  87  86  18  17  24  92  19  22  17  92  31  28  86  87  91  89  90  25  90  80  69  18  23  91  23  25  92  91  90  86  93  94  25  19  92  89  23  22  20  21  19  21  90  91
1084030081 0ALASKA  20025MURKOWSKI    87  86  90 100  93  85  76  32  36  20  26  87  90  23  27  26  32  18  27  90  88  20  25  90  89  21  87  35  88  91  22  89  91  91  92  48  37  80  78  24  20  19  12  23  20  26  89  92  89  91  92  42  91  89  56  84  27  85  83  21  20  27  92  21  24  19  90  33  30  87  86  90  85  90  27  87  83  72  19  25  87  26  28  91  89  90  88  92  92  27  21  89  90  24  25  23  23  22  25  87  89
1081210981 0ALASKA  20001STEVENS      91  89  91  93 100  87  77  31  35  17  23  89  90  21  25  24  30  17  26  93  91  19  24  91  91  19  87  33  91  93  19  92  93  92  94  48  36  78  76  21  17  17  13  21  18  23  89  96  91  92  92  41  93  90  55  86  25  86  86  19  18  24  94  19  22  19  90  32  29  87  87  91  88  90  23  88  81  73  17  23  88  25  26  94  92  92  89  94  93  25  18  91  91  22  22  22  22  19  23  89  90
1081542961 0ARIZONA 20001KYL          97  94  88  85  87 100  82  22  26  11  17  91  83  13  16  18  23  13  17  90  86  11  14  91  90  10  86  26  87  88  11  89  88  91  90  39  27  73  70  12   8  11   9  13  11  15  84  89  89  87  88  32  90  88  45  90  17  88  93  13  12  18  88  12  15  10  88  23  19  80  84  92  94  84  17  92  77  67  12  16  88  15  17  89  89  92  86  89  90  19  13  89  86  16  15  13  13  17  16  91  93
1081503961 0ARIZONA 20001MCCAIN       83  80  77  76  77  82 100  30  32  25  27  79  76  24  31  29  30  28  29  81  76  24  23  79  77  23  81  35  81  80  21  80  79  77  79  42  31  75  73  23  21  23  25  25  24  26  79  77  78  79  77  37  78  81  46  83  28  81  85  25  25  29  77  25  27  24  78  30  27  77  78  78  81  79  28  81  72  69  25  27  81  26  25  79  80  79  78  78  78  29  26  78  78  28  26  24  25  29  27  78  78
1084030142 0ARKANSA 10001PRYOR        31  25  30  32  31  22  30 100  92  81  82  26  35  81  84  81  80  79  82  29  34  81  79  28  29  83  30  82  32  32  82  31  32  29  30  75  86  39  40  84  82  79  84  84  83  83  36  32  30  33  32  77  30  33  72  26  86  25  25  81  80  82  30  81  82  86  31  81  85  34  34  28  24  36  83  27  39  41  79  79  30  89  88  32  31  28  31  30  31  76  80  31  30  83  83  79  85  78  83  26  24
1082930542 0ARKANSA 10001LINCOLN      36  29  33  36  35  26  32  92 100  79  82  30  39  78  82  80  80  78  81  33  37  78  79  30  32  80  33  83  34  35  80  34  35  32  33  75  88  42  44  82  78  77  81  83  81  80  39  34  32  36  35  78  32  35  73  30  82  28  26  79  77  79  34  79  82  84  35  81  85  37  36  31  28  39  84  30  43  43  78  77  33  86  86  35  33  31  34  33  33  74  79  33  34  81  81  76  82  76  83  29  28
1081501171 0CALIFOR 10001BOXER         7  12  17  20  17  11  25  81  79 100  91  13  22  91  89  87  78  90  87  14  19  91  90  12  14  92  17  79  16  16  90  15  16  13  14  62  77  32  34  92  94  93  94  92  91  89  20  16  15  16  16  73  14  16  59  16  87  18  14  94  94  87  16  93  93  92  16  80  84  23  18  12  10  22  91  13  29  36  93  86  16  88  87  16  14  13  18  16  16  83  93  17  21  91  92  86  89  86  88  11  11
1084930071 0CALIFOR 10001FEINSTEIN    14  18  24  26  23  17  27  82  82  91 100  19  29  87  88  85  80  86  86  20  25  87  87  19  21  88  23  78  23  23  86  22  23  20  21  64  80  38  38  90  88  88  90  88  86  85  27  22  22  23  23  74  21  21  62  21  84  22  20  89  89  85  23  91  90  88  23  78  82  29  25  18  17  29  92  20  35  43  88  83  22  86  85  23  22  21  26  24  23  81  87  24  27  87  89  82  85  83  88  19  18
1082910862 0COLORAD 20001ALLARD       95  93  90  87  89  91  79  26  30  13  19 100  87  14  20  18  25  13  20  93  90  12  17  93  93  12  87  27  89  91  13  91  92  93  93  43  31  75  72  15  11  13  10  15  13  18  86  91  91  90  91  36  93  89  49  90  19  87  90  14  12  20  90  15  17  12  90  27  23  82  85  92  94  87  20  92  78  68  13  17  90  19  21  91  90  93  87  91  91  20  15  91  88  17  18  15  17  16  18  94  94
1089540762 0COLORAD 20001CAMPBELL     86  85  86  90  90  83  76  35  39  22  29  87 100  24  29  27  33  20  30  89  86  21  25  88  87  23  84  37  87  89  22  88  89  90  89  52  40  79  75  26  21  21  19  26  22  26  87  90  86  88  89  43  90  87  58  84  28  81  82  23  21  27  90  24  27  23  88  35  31  84  83  87  84  88  28  84  81  69  21  26  85  28  30  89  87  88  87  90  89  27  24  88  89  25  26  23  25  22  27  86  86
10814213 1 0CONNECT 10001DODD         10  14  20  23  21  13  24  81  78  91  87  14  24 100  88  90  83  90  85  17  21  92  88  16  18  92  20  81  20  20  90  19  20  17  18  65  80  33  35  92  94  92  94  91  91  86  23  20  18  20  20  74  18  21  62  17  87  21  15  91  90  87  20  91  88  92  20  82  85  27  21  16  13  25  87  15  30  42  91  84  18  87  86  20  18  16  22  19  19  83  90  19  23  89  89  86  87  86  89  14  14
10815704 1 0CONNECT 10001LIEBERMAN    16  19  25  27  25  16  31  84  82  89  88  20  29  88 100  87  84  87  87  23  25  87  87  20  23  88  27  83  26  25  85  22  25  22  24  67  81  41  42  89  88  86  92  88  88  86  29  24  25  27  25  75  23  25  63  22  84  22  20  87  87  88  23  88  89  92  26  81  82  32  29  21  19  31  87  21  35  49  86  80  25  86  85  25  24  23  25  23  25  85  86  26  29  90  90  80  87  84  88  20  19
1081410111 0DELAWAR 10001BIDEN        20  19  24  26  24  18  29  81  80  87  85  18  27  90  87 100  87  89  83  21  23  86  86  20  22  87  25  82  25  23  87  23  24  21  20  66  80  37  39  88  88  87  92  89  89  85  28  23  22  24  22  72  21  25  64  21  86  23  20  88  87  85  23  86  86  87  24  81  85  31  27  20  17  29  86  19  33  44  88  84  23  85  85  22  24  21  25  22  22  83  88  23  26  88  87  86  86  87  89  19  17
1081501511 0DELAWAR 10001CARPER       21  25  30  32  30  23  30  80  80  78  80  25  33  83  84  87 100  81  78  28  31  81  79  27  28  82  31  80  31  30  81  29  30  28  29  69  80  41  43  82  81  80  85  82  83  78  34  30  28  32  31  72  29  30  66  26  80  29  26  80  80  81  30  80  81  83  31  82  83  38  34  28  24  35  81  27  39  48  81  78  29  81  79  31  31  27  30  29  29  80  82  29  33  81  81  79  81  79  83  27  24
1081550343 0FLORIDA 10001GRAHAM  BOB  21  13  16  18  17  13  28  79  78  90  86  13  20  90  87  89  81 100  87  16  19  90  88  13  14  89  19  81  19  17  89  18  16  15  16  64  78  31  34  89  91  89  94  89  91  85  21  17  16  19  18  72  15  19  59  18  85  20  17  88  89  86  15  90  88  91  16  82  83  24  21  14  13  22  85  15  30  39  89  87  18  86  83  16  18  16  19  17  16  84  88  18  20  86  87  86  89  88  91  14  12
1081465143 0FLORIDA 10001NELSON  CLA  25  20  25  27  26  17  29  82  81  87  86  20  30  85  87  83  78  87 100  22  27  86  85  21  22  88  25  82  26  26  85  25  25  23  24  69  80  39  42  89  88  86  86  88  87  84  29  25  23  26  26  74  24  24  67  22  86  24  20  86  85  85  26  88  88  87  26  79  83  31  28  22  19  30  86  21  36  43  86  83  24  87  86  26  24  23  27  25  25  79  85  24  27  87  88  82  87  81  86  20  20
1082951244 0GEORGIA 20001CHAMBLISS    96  92  93  90  93  90  81  29  33  14  20  93  89  17  23  21  28  16  22 100  94  15  18  94  95  15  90  30  93  93  15  94  93  94  95  45  33  78  74  17  14  14  11  17  15  20  91  94  93  94  92  38  93  92  53  91  22  88  88  17  14  21  93  15  18  16  93  28  25  87  88  92  92  90  21  92  81  70  14  19  94  21  23  94  94  93  89  94  94  22  15  93  90  18  18  18  19  18  21  92  92
1084990444 0GEORGIA 10001MILLER       95  89  90  88  91  86  76  34  37  19  25  90  86  21  25  23  31  19  27  94 100  20  23  91  90  20  86  33  90  94  21  92  92  92  93  47  38  77  73  22  19  18  13  23  20  26  89  92  88  91  90  40  91  89  58  86  27  84  84  20  17  25  90  21  23  21  91  33  30  86  86  90  88  90  25  88  79  69  18  23  89  26  28  91  92  91  87  92  91  25  20  90  88  24  24  22  24  23  25  90  89
1081440082 0HAWAII  10001AKAKA        11  13  19  20  19  11  24  81  78  91  87  12  21  92  87  86  81  90  86  15  20 100  91  13  14  91  18  78  18  17  91  17  18  14  15  61  77  32  34  90  93  91  91  90  92  86  21  17  15  18  17  71  15  18  58  15  87  18  13  90  92  86  17  91  88  91  18  81  84  24  21  13  11  22  87  13  28  39  93  87  17  87  86  17  17  14  18  17  17  84  90  17  21  88  88  87  89  85  89  13  11
108 481282 0HAWAII  10001INOUYE       10  17  23  25  24  14  23  79  79  90  87  17  25  88  87  86  79  88  85  18  23  91 100  17  19  89  20  77  21  21  88  20  21  18  19  66  80  34  36  90  91  90  92  88  88  85  24  21  19  22  22  74  20  22  60  18  85  20  14  88  87  85  22  88  89  92  21  80  84  27  24  17  15  26  86  17  31  41  89  86  20  86  86  21  20  18  23  22  21  80  89  22  26  87  88  86  87  83  87  17  16
1081480963 0IDAHO   20001CRAIG        96  92  91  90  91  91  79  28  30  12  19  93  88  16  20  20  27  13  21  94  91  13  17 100  97  14  89  29  90  92  15  94  92  95  94  45  32  75  72  17  13  13  10  16  13  19  88  93  92  91  92  36  94  91  51  89  21  86  89  15  12  20  93  13  17  14  91  28  25  85  87  94  93  88  20  92  79  69  13  18  91  20  23  93  93  93  88  93  94  21  13  91  89  17  17  17  17  17  19  93  94
1082934563 0IDAHO   20001CRAPO        92  91  93  89  91  90  77  29  32  14  21  93  87  18  23  22  28  14  22  95  90  14  19  97 100  15  88  30  91  91  16  92  93  94  94  46  34  76  73  19  14  14  10  17  14  21  88  93  93  92  92  38  94  91  52  87  22  86  89  16  13  22  93  15  19  15  92  29  26  86  88  94  91  89  21  91  80  70  14  19  92  21  24  92  92  93  87  93  94  23  15  92  88  19  19  18  19  18  19  92  93
1081502121 0ILLINOI 10001DURBIN       12  11  18  21  19  10  23  83  80  92  88  12  23  92  88  87  82  89  88  15  20  91  89  14  15 100  19  80  19  18  92  17  18  15  16  64  79  32  34  93  94  92  94  92  93  87  22  18  16  19  18  73  16  19  60  14  87  17  13  91  91  87  17  92  90  93  18  82  85  25  20  14  10  23  86  13  28  39  92  85  15  90  87  18  17  14  20  18  17  84  90  17  21  90  90  87  91  87  89  12  11
1084990021 0ILLINOI 20001FITZGERALD   92  88  87  87  87  86  81  30  33  17  23  87  84  20  27  25  31  19  25  90  86  18  20  89  88  19 100  31  90  90  18  88  89  89  89  45  33  77  75  21  18  17  15  22  19  24  87  90  88  90  88  38  89  88  50  85  24  84  85  20  19  25  89  19  22  17  89  30  25  87  87  90  88  87  24  87  77  72  17  22  87  23  24  89  89  89  84  88  89  26  19  87  88  23  23  20  21  22  22  87  88
1084990122 0INDIANA 10001BAYH         24  27  32  35  33  26  35  82  83  79  78  27  37  81  83  82  80  81  82  30  33  78  77  29  30  80  31 100  33  33  79  32  33  30  31  69  80  43  46  82  78  77  82  83  81  78  35  32  32  33  33  75  30  34  73  30  79  30  29  79  78  80  33  80  82  83  31  80  82  37  34  30  26  36  80  29  40  43  79  76  31  81  81  33  32  29  34  31  32  74  79  30  32  81  81  77  81  77  82  28  26
1081450622 0INDIANA 20001LUGAR        95  89  89  88  91  87  81  32  34  16  23  89  87  20  26  25  31  19  26  93  90  18  21  90  91  19  90  33 100  93  18  91  93  92  93  48  34  79  74  21  16  17  12  21  18  23  91  92  89  92  91  38  92  91  53  86  24  86  86  18  16  25  92  18  20  17  91  31  27  88  89  90  88  90  22  90  79  73  16  20  89  24  25  92  93  92  87  92  92  26  18  91  91  22  21  20  21  21  23  89  89
1081422631 0IOWA    20001GRASSLEY     96  91  92  91  93  88  80  32  35  16  23  91  89  20  25  23  30  17  26  93  94  17  21  92  91  18  90  33  93 100  19  93  94  94  95  48  36  79  78  21  16  16  11  21  18  23  91  94  91  94  94  41  94  92  55  88  25  87  87  18  16  25  94  19  22  15  93  31  28  89  88  92  90  92  23  91  81  72  17  20  90  24  25  94  93  94  89  93  93  25  19  92  91  23  22  20  22  20  22  91  92
1081423031 0IOWA    10001HARKIN        9  13  20  22  19  11  21  82  80  90  86  13  22  90  85  87  81  89  85  15  21  91  88  15  16  92  18  79  18  19 100  18  19  16  16  65  79  30  33  91  93  90  94  90  91  89  23  18  17  19  18  74  16  20  61  14  89  17  12  88  89  85  18  91  87  92  18  82  87  25  20  15  12  24  88  14  27  38  92  87  17  89  89  17  18  14  19  18  17  84  91  17  20  89  89  89  89  87  90  12  13
1082952332 0KANSAS  20001BROWNBACK    96  90  89  89  92  89  80  31  34  15  22  91  88  19  22  23  29  18  25  94  92  17  20  94  92  17  88  32  91  93  18 100  95  94  93  47  35  78  75  20  16  16  13  20  18  22  89  93  90  92  91  40  93  92  54  87  24  85  87  18  16  23  93  17  21  17  92  30  27  87  87  92  89  89  23  89  81  70  16  20  90  23  25  92  93  92  90  93  93  25  18  90  90  21  22  19  21  21  23  91  90
1081485232 0KANSAS  20001ROBERTS      92  90  91  91  93  88  79  32  35  16  23  92  89  20  25  24  30  16  25  93  92  18  21  92  93  18  89  33  93  94  19  95 100  94  95  48  36  80  77  21  16  17  12  20  18  23  91  94  92  93  93  40  94  92  55  86  25  85  87  19  16  24  94  18  22  17  92  31  28  88  88  92  90  91  24  90  81  72  16  21  90  24  25  94  93  93  89  94  94  25  18  91  91  23  22  20  22  19  22  91  91
1081540651 0KENTUCK 20001BUNNING      97  92  91  91  92  91  77  29  32  13  20  93  90  17  22  21  28  15  23  94  92  14  18  95  94  15  89  30  92  94  16  94  94 100  95  47  34  77  74  18  13  13  11  18  15  21  90  94  92  94  94  38  94  92  53  88  22  85  87  16  14  22  94  16  19  14  95  29  25  86  88  95  92  90  21  91  79  70  14  18  91  21  23  95  92  95  89  93  95  22  16  93  90  19  20  18  19  17  19  94  95
1081492151 0KENTUCK 20001MCCONNELL    98  92  92  92  94  90  79  30  33  14  21  93  89  18  24  20  29  16  24  95  93  15  19  94  94  16  89  31  93  95  16  93  95  95 100  47  34  78  75  19  14  14  10  18  17  21  91  96  93  94  95  38  95  92  53  89  23  88  88  17  15  22  95  16  19  14  93  29  25  87  89  94  92  90  21  92  80  71  14  19  92  22  23  96  93  94  89  94  95  23  16  94  91  20  20  19  20  17  21  92  93
1081305645 0LOUISIA 10001BREAUX       48  43  47  48  48  39  42  75  75  62  64  43  52  65  67  66  69  64  69  45  47  61  66  45  46  64  45  69  48  48  65  47  48  47  47 100  80  49  50  67  64  64  61  65  65  65  51  48  46  48  49  79  46  48  76  42  69  42  41  63  61  68  49  63  66  61  47  67  72  50  51  46  42  51  65  44  53  47  62  67  46  70  70  49  47  45  48  48  48  67  63  47  46  65  67  63  66  61  65  44  43
1084970245 0LOUISIA 10001LANDRIEU     31  30  36  37  36  27  31  86  88  77  80  31  40  80  81  80  80  78  80  33  38  77  80  32  34  79  33  80  34  36  79  35  36  34  34  80 100  42  44  81  79  78  79  80  79  81  39  35  34  36  36  78  34  36  72  32  82  30  28  78  76  80  36  79  80  79  36  79  83  39  37  32  29  40  81  32  45  43  77  80  34  83  83  36  34  32  36  35  35  75  79  35  36  79  80  76  81  75  80  31  29
10849703 2 0MAINE   20001COLLINS      74  75  77  80  78  73  75  39  42  32  38  75  79  33  41  37  41  31  39  78  77  32  34  75  76  32  77  43  79  79  30  78  80  77  78  49  42 100  85  34  31  31  28  33  31  36  82  78  78  80  79  50  78  76  58  75  35  79  77  33  31  38  79  34  37  30  79  37  37  79  78  76  74  83  38  76  79  75  32  34  77  36  35  78  78  76  77  79  79  38  33  78  80  35  37  30  36  32  34  76  75
10814661 2 0MAINE   20001SNOWE        65  73  74  78  76  70  73  40  44  34  38  72  75  35  42  39  43  34  42  74  73  34  36  72  73  34  75  46  74  78  33  75  77  74  75  50  44  85 100  37  34  33  34  37  34  38  77  76  75  77  76  53  75  74  57  73  39  75  73  35  34  40  75  35  39  33  77  41  40  75  76  74  71  78  41  73  78  76  34  34  72  39  40  75  76  74  74  74  75  40  36  74  75  38  38  33  39  34  38  72  72
1081444052 0MARYLAN 10001MIKULSKI      9  15  21  24  21  12  23  84  82  92  90  15  26  92  89  88  82  89  89  17  22  90  90  17  19  93  21  82  21  21  91  20  21  18  19  67  81  34  37 100  94  91  94  94  92  90  23  20  19  21  21  77  19  20  64  17  90  19  16  92  90  88  20  92  91  93  21  83  88  28  22  17  14  26  91  16  32  41  91  85  19  90  89  20  18  17  22  20  20  83  90  20  23  91  94  88  90  87  91  15  14
1081303952 0MARYLAN 10001SARBANES      7  10  17  20  17   8  21  82  78  94  88  11  21  94  88  88  81  91  88  14  19  93  91  13  14  94  18  78  16  16  93  16  16  13  14  64  79  31  34  94 100  95  95  92  94  88  20  16  15  16  16  74  14  18  60  14  89  17  11  93  93  87  17  93  89  95  16  82  86  24  19  13   9  22  88  11  28  39  94  87  15  90  89  16  15  13  18  16  15  85  91  15  19  90  90  90  91  87  89  11  10
10810808 3 0MASSACH 10001KENNEDY  ED   6  12  18  19  17  11  23  79  77  93  88  13  21  92  86  87  80  89  86  14  18  91  90  13  14  92  17  77  17  16  90  16  17  13  14  64  78  31  33  91  95 100  92  89  91  85  19  16  14  16  16  72  14  17  59  15  86  19  13  93  94  86  17  92  90  91  16  80  84  23  18  12  11  22  89  13  29  39  95  86  16  87  86  16  15  13  19  16  15  85  91  17  20  89  89  87  89  86  87  13  12
10814920 3 0MASSACH 10001KERRY  JOHN   4  10  12  12  13   9  25  84  81  94  90  10  19  94  92  92  85  94  86  11  13  91  92  10  10  94  15  82  12  11  94  13  12  11  10  61  79  28  34  94  95  92 100  97  96  91  15  11  11  12  12  74  11  13  58  12  89  14  14  93  92  89  12  94  93  97  12  88  88  19  17  12   7  18  91   8  18  46  93  85  13  91  91  11  12  10  12  10  13  89  95  10  13  94  96  90  93  94  93   7   8
1082973223 0MICHIGA 10001STABENOW     13  15  20  23  21  13  25  84  83  92  88  15  26  91  88  89  82  89  88  17  23  90  88  16  17  92  22  83  21  21  90  20  20  18  18  65  80  33  37  94  92  89  97 100  93  89  25  20  18  22  20  77  18  22  64  18  89  19  15  91  90  87  20  92  91  93  21  84  88  27  22  17  13  26  90  15  31  40  91  83  19  91  90  20  19  17  22  19  19  83  92  19  23  92  93  87  89  87  91  14  14
1081470923 0MICHIGA 10001LEVIN  CARL  14  12  17  20  18  11  24  83  81  91  86  13  22  91  88  89  83  91  87  15  20  92  88  13  14  93  19  81  18  18  91  18  18  15  17  65  79  31  34  92  94  91  96  93 100  88  23  17  16  20  18  73  15  19  60  16  87  16  14  91  92  86  17  92  88  93  18  82  85  26  21  14  12  23  88  14  28  39  92  85  17  89  87  18  17  16  20  16  17  83  90  17  20  89  90  89  90  88  90  13  11
1084010133 0MINNESO 10001DAYTON       12  17  23  26  23  15  26  83  80  89  85  18  26  86  86  85  78  85  84  20  26  86  85  19  21  87  24  78  23  23  89  22  23  21  21  65  81  36  38  90  88  85  91  89  88 100  27  22  20  25  23  76  21  23  63  19  88  19  17  87  86  84  22  88  87  89  24  81  86  27  24  19  16  30  87  17  31  39  86  83  22  90  90  22  21  18  23  22  22  80  87  21  24  88  89  83  88  85  88  17  17
1084030233 0MINNESO 20001COLEMAN      93  86  88  89  89  84  79  36  39  20  27  86  87  23  29  28  34  21  29  91  89  21  24  88  88  22  87  35  91  91  23  89  91  90  91  51  39  82  77  23  20  19  15  25  23  27 100  91  88  91  90  43  90  89  58  84  28  83  83  21  20  27  90  22  25  19  91  32  31  88  88  88  85  91  27  88  81  71  20  24  88  28  28  89  91  89  86  91  91  29  22  91  88  26  26  22  25  24  26  86  85
1081400946 0MISSISS 20001COCHRAN      95  90  93  92  96  89  77  32  34  16  22  91  90  20  24  23  30  17  25  94  92  17  21  93  93  18  90  32  92  94  18  93  94  94  96  48  35  78  76  20  16  16  11  20  17  22  91 100  93  93  94  40  95  92  54  86  24  87  86  18  16  24  95  18  20  17  92  31  28  87  89  93  90  90  22  90  81  71  16  21  89  24  25  95  93  94  89  95  95  24  17  92  91  21  21  20  20  17  22  91  92
1081403146 0MISSISS 20001LOTT         93  91  92  89  91  89  78  30  32  15  22  91  86  18  25  22  28  16  23  93  88  15  19  92  93  16  88  32  89  91  17  90  92  92  93  46  34  78  75  19  15  14  11  18  16  20  88  93 100  92  91  39  93  91  52  89  22  87  89  17  14  23  92  17  20  15  90  29  26  85  87  93  92  87  21  90  79  70  15  20  91  22  23  91  92  93  87  90  93  23  16  92  88  20  20  18  19  17  20  91  92
1082936934 0MISSOUR 20001TALENT       95  90  91  91  92  87  79  33  36  16  23  90  88  20  27  24  32  19  26  94  91  18  22  91  92  19  90  33  92  94  19  92  93  94  94  48  36  80  77  21  16  16  12  22  20  25  91  93  92 100  95  41  93  92  55  87  25  86  87  19  17  25  93  19  22  16  94  32  28  88  89  93  89  90  24  89  81  72  17  21  90  25  26  93  92  92  89  92  93  25  19  92  90  23  23  21  23  20  22  90  90
1081550134 0MISSOUR 20001BOND         93  89  91  92  92  88  77  32  35  16  23  91  89  20  25  22  31  18  26  92  90  17  22  92  92  18  88  33  91  94  18  91  93  94  95  49  36  79  76  21  16  16  12  20  18  23  90  94  91  95 100  40  93  90  55  86  25  85  87  18  16  25  94  18  22  16  92  32  28  88  89  92  90  90  23  90  82  72  16  20  89  24  25  94  92  92  87  93  93  24  18  92  90  22  22  20  21  18  22  91  92
1081420364 0MONTANA 10001BAUCUS       19  35  39  42  41  32  37  77  78  73  74  36  43  74  75  72  72  72  74  38  40  71  74  36  38  73  38  75  38  41  74  40  40  38  38  79  78  50  53  77  74  72  74  77  73  76  43  40  39  41  40 100  39  40  73  36  78  36  34  74  72  74  40  72  76  72  39  75  78  41  40  38  33  44  77  36  47  47  72  71  38  80  83  39  38  37  41  39  39  76  74  39  39  74  77  71  75  70  76  35  36
1081570164 0MONTANA 20001BURNS        96  92  91  91  93  90  78  30  32  14  21  93  90  18  23  21  29  15  24  93  91  15  20  94  94  16  89  30  92  94  16  93  94  94  95  46  34  78  75  19  14  14  11  18  15  21  90  95  93  93  93  39 100  92  53  88  23  87  89  16  14  22  95  16  19  16  93  30  26  86  87  93  90  90  20  90  80  71  14  19  90  22  24  94  92  94  88  93  94  23  15  91  90  19  20  19  19  16  20  92  93
1084970435 0NEBRASK 20001HAGEL        95  88  89  89  90  88  81  33  35  16  21  89  87  21  25  25  30  19  24  92  89  18  22  91  91  19  88  34  91  92  20  92  92  92  92  48  36  76  74  20  18  17  13  22  19  23  89  92  91  92  90  40  92 100  54  86  25  85  87  18  17  25  92  19  21  18  89  31  28  85  86  92  89  87  22  88  78  71  18  21  90  24  26  91  92  91  87  91  91  27  19  89  90  23  21  22  22  21  24  89  90
1084010335 0NEBRASK 10001NELSON  BEN  65  49  54  56  55  45  46  72  73  59  62  49  58  62  63  64  66  59  67  53  58  58  60  51  52  60  50  73  53  55  61  54  55  53  53  76  72  58  57  64  60  59  58  64  60  63  58  54  52  55  55  73  53  54 100  49  67  48  47  61  58  63  56  60  63  59  54  67  69  55  54  51  47  59  62  49  59  49  58  61  52  67  68  54  53  50  54  54  54  62  60  53  52  63  65  60  63  58  64  49  48
1082953765 0NEVADA  20001ENSIGN       96  92  86  84  86  90  83  26  30  16  21  90  84  17  22  21  26  18  22  91  86  15  18  89  87  14  85  30  86  88  14  87  86  88  89  42  32  75  73  17  14  15  12  18  16  19  84  86  89  87  86  36  88  86  49 100  21  88  88  17  16  22  87  17  20  13  86  27  23  81  83  88  92  86  21  91  78  67  17  19  89  20  21  87  87  89  86  86  87  21  17  88  85  20  20  18  19  20  20  87  89
1081505465 0NEVADA  10001REID         14  20  25  27  25  17  28  86  82  87  84  19  28  87  84  86  80  85  86  22  27  87  85  21  22  87  24  79  24  25  89  24  25  22  23  69  82  35  39  90  89  86  89  89  87  88  28  24  22  25  25  78  23  25  67  21 100  23  19  88  88  85  24  85  87  90  26  83  89  27  26  21  18  30  86  20  33  39  86  83  24  91  91  24  23  20  25  23  23  82  89  23  24  86  88  85  89  84  87  19  19
10814826 4 0NEW HAM 20001GREGG        90  87  87  85  86  88  81  25  28  18  22  87  81  21  22  23  29  20  24  88  84  18  20  86  86  17  84  30  86  87  17  85  85  85  88  42  30  79  75  19  17  19  14  19  16  19  83  87  87  86  85  36  87  85  48  88  23 100  92  20  18  24  87  20  22  16  85  27  24  81  82  87  87  85  22  88  79  71  19  23  85  21  21  87  86  86  84  87  86  24  20  86  85  22  22  19  20  19  22  87  87
10829740 4 0NEW HAM 20001SUNUNU       91  89  86  83  86  93  85  25  26  14  20  90  82  15  20  20  26  17  20  88  84  13  14  89  89  13  85  29  86  87  12  87  87  87  88  41  28  77  73  16  11  13  14  15  14  17  83  86  89  87  87  34  89  87  47  88  19  92 100  15  14  21  86  16  18  13  86  24  21  80  84  90  91  83  20  91  77  68  14  19  89  18  18  87  88  89  86  88  87  21  15  87  85  18  18  15  16  19  18  90  90
1084010412 0NEW JER 10001CORZINE       8  14  18  21  19  13  25  81  79  94  89  14  23  91  87  88  80  88  86  17  20  90  88  15  16  91  20  79  18  18  88  18  19  16  17  63  78  33  35  92  93  93  93  91  91  87  21  18  17  19  18  74  16  18  61  17  88  20  15 100  96  87  18  91  91  90  19  81  84  25  19  14  13  24  91  15  29  39  92  86  17  88  86  18  16  16  21  18  18  83  91  19  22  89  92  86  87  86  88  13  14
1081491412 0NEW JER 10001LAUTENBERG    8  12  17  20  18  12  25  80  77  94  89  12  21  90  87  87  80  89  85  14  17  92  87  12  13  91  19  78  16  16  89  16  16  14  15  61  76  31  34  90  93  94  92  90  92  86  20  16  14  17  16  72  14  17  58  16  88  18  14  96 100  86  16  91  91  90  17  79  82  23  19  13  11  22  90  14  28  38  93  87  16  86  85  17  16  14  19  17  16  84  90  17  21  88  90  85  88  85  86  12  12
1081491266 0NEW MEX 10001BINGAMAN     14  19  24  27  24  18  29  82  79  87  85  20  27  87  88  85  81  86  85  21  25  86  85  20  22  87  25  80  25  25  85  23  24  22  22  68  80  38  40  88  87  86  89  87  86  84  27  24  23  25  25  74  22  25  63  22  85  24  21  87  86 100  23  87  89  85  23  84  85  30  26  21  19  29  85  21  34  44  86  82  23  86  83  24  23  21  25  24  24  80  86  24  28  87  89  81  85  83  84  21  20
1081410366 0NEW MEX 20001DOMENICI     93  90  92  92  94  88  77  30  34  16  23  90  90  20  23  23  30  15  26  93  90  17  22  93  93  17  89  33  92  94  18  93  94  94  95  49  36  79  75  20  17  17  12  20  17  22  90  95  92  93  94  40  95  92  56  87  24  87  86  18  16  23 100  19  22  18  93  30  28  88  88  93  89  90  22  90  81  71  16  21  89  23  26  95  93  93  90  93  94  25  17  91  91  22  21  20  20  18  22  91  93
1084010513 0NEW YOR 10001CLINTON      10  14  19  21  19  12  25  81  79  93  91  15  24  91  88  86  80  90  88  15  21  91  88  13  15  92  19  80  18  19  91  17  18  16  16  63  79  34  35  92  93  92  94  92  92  88  22  18  17  19  18  72  16  19  60  17  85  20  16  91  91  87  19 100  93  91  18  81  84  25  21  14  12  24  90  15  31  39  94  85  18  88  87  18  17  16  21  19  18  83  91  19  23  91  92  86  89  85  88  15  14
1081485813 0NEW YOR 10001SCHUMER      13  17  22  24  22  15  27  82  82  93  90  17  27  88  89  86  81  88  88  18  23  88  89  17  19  90  22  82  20  22  87  21  22  19  19  66  80  37  39  91  89  90  93  91  88  87  25  20  20  22  22  76  19  21  63  20  87  22  18  91  91  89  22  93 100  90  21  82  86  28  24  17  15  27  91  18  34  41  91  85  20  88  86  21  19  18  24  22  21  81  91  22  26  92  93  84  89  84  88  17  17
1084990247 0NORTH C 10001EDWARDS       4  10  17  19  19  10  24  86  84  92  88  12  23  92  92  87  83  91  87  16  21  91  92  14  15  93  17  83  17  15  92  17  17  14  14  61  79  30  33  93  95  91  97  93  93  89  19  17  15  16  16  72  16  18  59  13  90  16  13  90  90  85  18  91  90 100  16  87  90  22  20  14  11  20  88  11  28  38  92  85  18  93  93  16  17  14  16  16  17  81  91  16  17  88  90  89  93  89  92  12  10
1084030347 0NORTH C 20001DOLE         93  91  92  90  90  88  78  31  35  16  23  90  88  20  26  24  31  16  26  93  91  18  21  91  92  18  89  31  91  93  18  92  92  95  93  47  36  79  77  21  16  16  12  21  18  24  91  92  90  94  92  39  93  89  54  86  26  85  86  19  17  23  93  18  21  16 100  29  27  88  88  92  88  91  24  90  80  71  17  21  90  23  25  92  91  92  88  92  93  24  19  91  89  23  23  20  22  19  22  90  90
1081550236 0NORTH D 10001CONRAD       24  25  31  33  32  23  30  81  81  80  78  27  35  82  81  81  82  82  79  28  33  81  80  28  29  82  30  80  31  31  82  30  31  29  29  67  79  37  41  83  82  80  88  84  82  81  32  31  29  32  32  75  30  31  67  27  83  27  24  81  79  84  30  81  82  87  29 100  91  34  32  28  24  34  80  26  37  44  80  76  28  86  85  30  30  27  29  31  30  76  81  30  32  80  81  80  83  80  84  26  26
1081481236 0NORTH D 10001DORGAN       20  22  28  30  29  19  27  85  85  84  82  23  31  85  82  85  83  83  83  25  30  84  84  25  26  85  25  82  27  28  87  27  28  25  25  72  83  37  40  88  86  84  88  88  85  86  31  28  26  28  28  78  26  28  69  23  89  24  21  84  82  85  28  84  86  90  27  91 100  30  29  25  20  33  84  22  35  39  85  81  26  90  91  27  26  23  27  28  27  80  85  26  27  84  85  85  88  83  88  22  22
1081502024 0OHIO    20001DEWINE       92  83  86  87  87  80  77  34  37  23  29  82  84  27  32  31  38  24  31  87  86  24  27  85  86  25  87  37  88  89  25  87  88  86  87  50  39  79  75  28  24  23  19  27  26  27  88  87  85  88  88  41  86  85  55  81  27  81  80  25  23  30  88  25  28  22  88  34  30 100  88  86  82  89  30  84  82  73  24  27  86  27  27  86  87  86  85  88  88  30  26  88  89  29  29  26  26  25  28  83  83
1084990324 0OHIO    20001VOINOVICH    87  85  87  86  87  84  78  34  36  18  25  85  83  21  29  27  34  21  28  88  86  21  24  87  88  20  87  34  89  88  20  87  88  88  89  51  37  78  76  22  19  18  17  22  21  24  88  89  87  89  89  40  87  86  54  83  26  82  84  19  19  26  88  21  24  20  88  32  29  88 100  89  85  88  25  86  80  73  18  25  87  26  26  89  91  88  84  88  89  26  21  88  86  23  24  22  24  23  24  88  85
1081542453 0OKLAHOM 20001INHOFE       93  92  91  90  91  92  78  28  31  12  18  92  87  16  21  20  28  14  22  92  90  13  17  94  94  14  90  30  90  92  15  92  92  95  94  46  32  76  74  17  13  12  12  17  14  19  88  93  93  93  92  38  93  92  51  88  21  87  90  14  13  21  93  14  17  14  92  28  25  86  89 100  93  88  19  91  78  71  13  18  90  20  22  93  92  93  88  92  93  21  15  91  88  18  19  17  18  16  18  93  94
1081490853 0OKLAHOM 20001NICKLES  DO  96  94  89  85  88  94  81  24  28  10  17  94  84  13  19  17  24  13  19  92  88  11  15  93  91  10  88  26  88  90  12  89  90  92  92  42  29  74  71  14   9  11   7  13  12  16  85  90  92  89  90  33  90  89  47  92  18  87  91  13  11  19  89  12  15  11  88  24  20  82  85  93 100  85  17  93  77  67  12  16  91  17  18  91  90  92  86  89  91  18  13  90  87  16  16  14  14  15  15  93  94
1084970572 0OREGON  20001SMITH  GORD  93  87  90  90  90  84  79  36  39  22  29  87  88  25  31  29  35  22  30  90  90  22  26  88  89  23  87  36  90  92  24  89  91  90  90  51  40  83  78  26  22  22  18  26  23  30  91  90  87  90  90  44  90  87  59  86  30  85  83  24  22  29  90  24  27  20  91  34  33  89  88  88  85 100  30  86  81  74  22  26  87  29  30  89  90  88  85  90  91  31  24  90  90  29  28  24  26  24  27  86  87
1081487172 0OREGON  10001WYDEN        10  19  25  27  23  17  28  83  84  91  92  20  28  87  87  86  81  85  86  21  25  87  86  20  21  86  24  80  22  23  88  23  24  21  21  65  81  38  41  91  88  89  91  90  88  87  27  22  21  24  23  77  20  22  62  21  86  22  20  91  90  85  22  90  91  88  24  80  84  30  25  19  17  30 100  20  35  42  90  85  23  87  87  23  21  19  25  23  23  82  90  23  27  90  92  83  87  84  89  18  18
1082914114 0PENNSYL 20001SANTORUM     98  93  90  87  88  92  81  27  30  13  20  92  84  15  21  19  27  15  21  92  88  13  17  92  91  13  87  29  90  91  14  89  90  91  92  44  32  76  73  16  11  13   8  15  14  17  88  90  90  89  90  36  90  88  49  91  20  88  91  15  14  21  90  15  18  11  90  26  22  84  86  91  93  86  20 100  81  67  14  19  91  19  19  90  90  92  89  91  90  21  15  91  89  18  18  16  17  17  18  91  92
1081491014 0PENNSYL 20001SPECTER      83  78  80  83  81  77  72  39  43  29  35  78  81  30  35  33  39  30  36  81  79  28  31  79  80  28  77  40  79  81  27  81  81  79  80  53  45  79  78  32  28  29  18  31  28  31  81  81  79  81  82  47  80  78  59  78  33  79  77  29  28  34  81  31  34  28  80  37  35  82  80  78  77  81  35  81 100  68  29  33  80  32  35  79  80  79  81  83  82  33  31  82  82  31  33  30  31  30  32  79  77
10849905 5 0RHODE I 20001CHAFEE       59  67  69  72  73  67  69  41  43  36  43  68  69  42  49  44  48  39  43  70  69  39  41  69  70  39  72  43  73  72  38  70  72  70  71  47  43  75  76  41  39  39  46  40  39  39  71  71  70  72  72  47  71  71  49  67  39  71  68  39  38  44  71  39  41  38  71  44  39  73  73  71  67  74  42  67  68 100  38  37  69  39  38  72  72  70  68  71  71  44  39  69  74  41  41  38  38  38  40  69  68
10829142 5 0RHODE I 10001REED          7  13  18  19  17  12  25  79  78  93  88  13  21  91  86  88  81  89  86  14  18  93  89  13  14  92  17  79  16  17  92  16  16  14  14  62  77  32  34  91  94  95  93  91  92  86  20  16  15  17  16  72  14  18  58  17  86  19  14  92  93  86  16  94  91  92  17  80  85  24  18  13  12  22  90  14  29  38 100  86  16  87  87  16  15  14  18  17  15  83  93  17  22  90  89  88  90  86  89  12  12
1081120448 0SOUTH C 10001HOLLINGS     16  18  23  25  23  16  27  79  77  86  83  17  26  84  80  84  78  87  83  19  23  87  86  18  19  85  22  76  20  20  87  20  21  18  19  67  80  34  34  85  87  86  85  83  85  83  24  21  20  21  20  71  19  21  61  19  83  23  19  86  87  82  21  85  85  85  21  76  81  27  25  18  16  26  85  19  33  37  86 100  22  83  82  21  21  18  23  22  21  79  86  22  25  84  86  84  84  80  83  18  16
1082956648 0SOUTH C 20001GRAHAM       90  91  91  87  88  88  81  30  33  16  22  90  85  18  25  23  29  18  24  94  89  17  20  91  92  15  87  31  89  90  17  90  90  91  92  46  34  77  72  19  15  16  13  19  17  22  88  89  91  90  89  38  90  90  52  89  24  85  89  17  16  23  89  18  20  18  90  28  26  86  87  90  91  87  23  91  80  69  16  22 100  22  24  90  91  90  87  89  90  23  18  90  86  20  20  20  21  22  22  90  90
1081461737 0SOUTH D 10001DASCHLE      14  18  23  26  25  15  26  89  86  88  86  19  28  87  86  85  81  86  87  21  26  87  86  20  21  90  23  81  24  24  89  23  24  21  22  70  83  36  39  90  90  87  91  91  89  90  28  24  22  25  24  80  22  24  67  20  91  21  18  88  86  86  23  88  88  93  23  86  90  27  26  20  17  29  87  19  32  39  87  83  22 100  95  23  23  19  24  23  23  80  88  22  24  87  89  83  90  84  89  18  17
1081542537 0SOUTH D 10001JOHNSON      14  19  25  28  26  17  25  88  86  87  85  21  30  86  85  85  79  83  86  23  28  86  86  23  24  87  24  81  25  25  89  25  25  23  23  70  83  35  40  89  89  86  91  90  87  90  28  25  23  26  25  83  24  26  68  21  91  21  18  86  85  83  26  87  86  93  25  85  91  27  26  22  18  30  87  19  35  38  87  82  24  95 100  24  24  21  25  25  25  79  87  24  24  86  87  84  89  84  90  20  20
1084950254 0TENNESS 20001FRIST        95  91  92  91  94  89  79  32  35  16  23  91  89  20  25  22  31  16  26  94  91  17  21  93  92  18  89  33  92  94  17  92  94  95  96  49  36  78  75  20  16  16  11  20  18  22  89  95  91  93  94  39  94  91  54  87  24  87  87  18  17  24  95  18  21  16  92  30  27  86  89  93  91  89  23  90  79  72  16  21  90  23  24 100  92  93  88  93  94  24  17  91  90  22  22  20  21  18  21  91  92
1084030454 0TENNESS 20001ALEXANDER    97  89  91  89  92  89  80  31  33  14  22  90  87  18  24  24  31  18  24  94  92  17  20  93  92  17  89  32  93  93  18  93  93  92  93  47  34  78  76  18  15  15  12  19  17  21  91  93  92  92  92  38  92  92  53  87  23  86  88  16  16  23  93  17  19  17  91  30  26  87  91  92  90  90  21  90  80  72  15  21  91  23  24  92 100  92  88  93  93  25  16  91  89  21  20  18  20  20  21  92  90
1084030549 0TEXAS   20001CORNYN       95  92  90  90  92  92  79  28  31  13  21  93  88  16  23  21  27  16  23  93  91  14  18  93  93  14  89  29  92  94  14  92  93  95  94  45  32  76  74  17  13  13  10  17  16  18  89  94  93  92  92  37  94  91  50  89  20  86  89  16  14  21  93  16  18  14  92  27  23  86  88  93  92  88  19  92  79  70  14  18  90  19  21  93  92 100  89  93  94  22  15  93  90  18  18  17  18  16  19  93  94
1084930649 0TEXAS   20001HUTCHISON    93  88  86  88  89  86  78  31  34  18  26  87  87  22  25  25  30  19  27  89  87  18  23  88  87  20  84  34  87  89  19  90  89  89  89  48  36  77  74  22  18  19  12  22  20  23  86  89  87  89  87  41  88  87  54  86  25  84  86  21  19  25  90  21  24  16  88  29  27  85  84  88  86  85  25  89  81  68  18  23  87  24  25  88  88  89 100  90  89  26  20  89  88  23  24  21  22  22  24  88  87
1084930767 0UTAH    20001BENNETT      95  89  93  92  94  89  78  30  33  16  24  91  90  19  23  22  29  17  25  94  92  17  22  93  93  18  88  31  92  93  18  93  94  93  94  48  35  79  74  20  16  16  10  19  16  22  91  95  90  92  93  39  93  91  54  86  23  87  88  18  17  24  93  19  22  16  92  31  28  88  88  92  89  90  23  91  83  71  17  22  89  23  25  93  93  93  90 100  97  24  18  94  92  21  22  19  20  18  21  91  92
1081450367 0UTAH    20001HATCH        97  90  94  92  93  90  78  31  33  16  23  91  89  19  25  22  29  16  25  94  91  17  21  94  94  17  89  32  92  93  17  93  94  95  95  48  35  79  75  20  15  15  13  19  17  22  91  95  93  93  93  39  94  91  54  87  23  86  87  18  16  24  94  18  21  17  93  30  27  88  89  93  91  91  23  90  82  71  15  21  90  23  25  94  93  94  89  97 100  24  18  94  90  22  22  19  20  18  21  91  92
10894240 6 0VERMONT 32801JEFFORDS     18  19  25  27  25  19  29  76  74  83  81  20  27  83  85  83  80  84  79  22  25  84  80  21  23  84  26  74  26  25  84  25  25  22  23  67  75  38  40  83  85  85  89  83  83  80  29  24  23  25  24  76  23  27  62  21  82  24  21  83  84  80  25  83  81  81  24  76  80  30  26  21  18  31  82  21  33  44  83  79  23  80  79  24  25  22  26  24  24 100  84  24  28  83  82  81  82  80  82  21  20
10814307 6 0VERMONT 10001LEAHY        10  15  19  21  18  13  26  80  79  93  87  15  24  90  86  88  82  88  85  15  20  90  89  13  15  90  19  79  18  19  91  18  18  16  16  63  79  33  36  90  91  91  95  92  90  87  22  17  16  19  18  74  15  19  60  17  89  20  15  91  90  86  17  91  91  91  19  81  85  26  21  15  13  24  90  15  31  39  93  86  18  88  87  17  16  15  20  18  18  84 100  19  23  90  91  88  89  87  89  14  14
1082914840 0VIRGINI 20001ALLEN        95  90  92  89  91  89  78  31  33  17  24  91  88  19  26  23  29  18  24  93  90  17  22  91  92  17  87  30  91  92  17  90  91  93  94  47  35  78  74  20  15  17  10  19  17  21  91  92  92  92  92  39  91  89  53  88  23  86  87  19  17  24  91  19  22  16  91  30  26  88  88  91  90  90  23  91  82  69  17  22  90  22  24  91  91  93  89  94  94  24  19 100  92  21  21  20  21  18  21  91  92
1081471240 0VIRGINI 20001WARNER       90  88  89  90  91  86  78  30  34  21  27  88  89  23  29  26  33  20  27  90  88  21  26  89  88  21  88  32  91  91  20  90  91  90  91  46  36  80  75  23  19  20  13  23  20  24  88  91  88  90  90  39  90  90  52  85  24  85  85  22  21  28  91  23  26  17  89  32  27  89  86  88  87  90  27  89  82  74  22  25  86  24  24  90  89  90  88  92  90  28  23  92 100  26  25  23  22  21  24  88  89
1083931073 0WASHING 10001CANTWELL     18  18  23  24  22  16  28  83  81  91  87  17  25  89  90  88  81  86  87  18  24  88  87  17  19  90  23  81  22  23  89  21  23  19  20  65  79  35  38  91  90  89  94  92  89  88  26  21  20  23  22  74  19  23  63  20  86  22  18  89  88  87  22  91  92  88  23  80  84  29  23  18  16  29  90  18  31  41  90  84  20  87  86  22  21  18  23  21  22  83  90  21  26 100  95  85  88  85  88  16  16
1084930873 0WASHING 10001MURRAY       13  17  22  25  22  15  26  83  81  92  89  18  26  89  90  87  81  87  88  18  24  88  88  17  19  90  23  81  21  22  89  22  22  20  20  67  80  37  38  94  90  89  96  93  90  89  26  21  20  23  22  77  20  21  65  20  88  22  18  92  90  89  21  92  93  90  23  81  85  29  24  19  16  28  92  18  33  41  89  86  20  89  87  22  20  18  24  22  22  82  91  21  25  95 100  84  88  84  88  17  17
108 136656 0WEST VI 10001BYRD  ROBER  19  16  20  23  22  13  24  79  76  86  82  15  23  86  80  86  79  86  82  18  22  87  86  17  18  87  20  77  20  20  89  19  20  18  19  63  76  30  33  88  90  87  90  87  89  83  22  20  18  21  20  71  19  22  60  18  85  19  15  86  85  81  20  86  84  89  20  80  85  26  22  17  14  24  83  16  30  38  88  84  20  83  84  20  18  17  21  19  19  81  88  20  23  85  84 100  88  85  87  15  15
1081492256 0WEST VI 10001ROCKEFELLER  13  16  21  23  22  13  25  85  82  89  85  17  25  87  87  86  81  89  87  19  24  89  87  17  19  91  21  81  21  22  89  21  22  19  20  66  81  36  39  90  91  89  93  89  90  88  25  20  19  23  21  75  19  22  63  19  89  20  16  87  88  85  20  89  89  93  22  83  88  26  24  18  14  26  87  17  31  38  90  84  21  90  89  21  20  18  22  20  20  82  89  21  22  88  88  88 100  86  90  16  15
1084930925 0WISCONS 10001FEINGOLD     19  16  19  22  19  17  29  78  76  86  83  16  22  86  84  87  79  88  81  18  23  85  83  17  18  87  22  77  21  20  87  21  19  17  17  61  75  32  34  87  87  86  94  87  88  85  24  17  17  20  18  70  16  21  58  20  84  19  19  86  85  83  18  85  84  89  19  80  83  25  23  16  15  24  84  17  30  38  86  80  22  84  84  18  20  16  22  18  18  80  87  18  21  85  84  85  86 100  90  16  15
1081570325 0WISCONS 10001KOHL         17  17  21  25  23  16  27  83  83  88  88  18  27  89  88  89  83  91  86  21  25  89  87  19  19  89  22  82  23  22  90  23  22  19  21  65  80  34  38  91  89  87  93  91  90  88  26  22  20  22  22  76  20  24  64  20  87  22  18  88  86  84  22  88  88  92  22  84  88  28  24  18  15  27  89  18  32  40  89  83  22  89  90  21  21  19  24  21  21  82  89  21  24  88  88  87  90  90 100  16  16
1084970668 0WYOMING 20001ENZI         93  92  90  87  89  91  78  26  29  11  19  94  86  14  20  19  27  14  20  92  90  13  17  93  92  12  87  28  89  91  12  91  91  94  92  44  31  76  72  15  11  13   7  14  13  17  86  91  91  90  91  35  92  89  49  87  19  87  90  13  12  21  91  15  17  12  90  26  22  83  88  93  93  86  18  91  79  69  12  18  90  18  20  91  92  93  88  91  91  21  14  91  88  16  17  15  16  16  16 100  96
1081563368 0WYOMING 20001THOMAS       95  94  91  89  90  93  78  24  28  11  18  94  86  14  19  17  24  12  20  92  89  11  16  94  93  11  88  26  89  92  13  90  91  95  93  43  29  75  72  14  10  12   8  14  11  17  85  92  92  90  92  36  93  90  48  89  19  87  90  14  12  20  93  14  17  10  90  26  22  83  85  94  94  87  18  92  77  68  12  16  90  17  20  92  90  94  87  92  92  20  14  92  89  16  17  15  15  15  16  96 100

*************HOUSYM3.DAT***************

SEN108KH.ORD              The SYMSTRT3.DAT file is
SEN108.DAT                  echoed back here
(36A1,1600I1)
675  36  20 0.025
NUMBER OF RECORDS READ   101    Tells you the number of Legislators
COUNTS 0 - 9      0  42684      0      0      0      0  22198      0      0   3293 Counts of Roll Call Choices
ROLL-CALLS READ= 675  NUMBER REJECTED= 156  NUMBER ACCEPTED= 519  CUTOFF= 0.025  How Many Roll Calls Included
LEGISLATORS READ= 101  NUMBER REJECTED=   0  NUMBER ACCEPTED= 101  CUTOFF=  20   How Many Legislators Included
DISTRIBUTION OF SCALABLE ROLL CALLS
1 50 - 55     224  0.432
2 56 - 60     118  0.227                This Shows You the distribution of
3 61 - 65      40  0.077                  Roll Call Margins
4 66 - 70      34  0.066
5 71 - 75      23  0.044
6 76 - 80      16  0.031
7 81 - 85      17  0.033
8 86 - 90      14  0.027
9 91 - 95      12  0.023
10 96 - 99.5    21  0.040
AVERAGE MAJORITY MARGIN=    30747   50091  0.61382  The Average Majority Margin is about 61-39
COUNTS 0 - 9   2328  27939      0      0      0      0  22152      0      0      0 Counts After Recoding
MISSING ELEMENTS        101         0    0.0000   Tells you the Number and Percentage of Missing Agreement Scores
ERROR PARAMETER EIGENVALUE-EIGENVECTOR ROUTINE=    0  A flag -- = 0 if Decomposition is OK
EIGENVALUES OF DECOMPOSITION
1    14.53051     0.99869    15.21368   211.69098   211.69099
2     0.37084     0.02549      Eigenvalue, Normalized Eigenvalue
3     0.26716     0.01836       15.21368 = Sum of the Squared Diagonal Entries
4     0.17385     0.01195                  in the Double-Centered Matrix
5     0.15243     0.01048       211.6908 = Sum of the Squared Elements in D-C matrix
6     0.11539     0.00793       211.6908 = Sum of the Squared Eigenvalues
7     0.09274     0.00637
8     0.08662     0.00595
9     0.08259     0.00568
10     0.07744     0.00532
11     0.06971     0.00479
12     0.06304     0.00433
13     0.05943     0.00408
14     0.05774     0.00397
15     0.05408     0.00372
16     0.04671     0.00321
17     0.04369     0.00300
18     0.04149     0.00285
19     0.03851     0.00265
20     0.03785     0.00260
etc etc etc
99    -0.11745    -0.00807
100    -0.23012    -0.01582
101    -0.31978    -0.02198
20.10.47.89.
ELAPSED TIME OF JOB  20.10.48.04.```
1. Turn in a copy of the HOUSYM3.DAT output file.

2. Turn in a plot of the eigenvalues. Use R to do the plot.

3. Use Epsilon to enter the following commands on top of your agreement score output file:
```
TORSCA
PRE-ITERATIONS=3
DIMMAX=3,DIMMIN=1
COORDINATES=ROTATE
ITERATIONS=50
REGRESSION=DESCENDING
DATA,LOWERHALFMATRIX,DIAGONAL=PRESENT,CUTOFF=.01
108TH U.S. SENATE AGREEMENT SCORES
101  1  1
(36X,101F4.0)
*********agreement score file*********
COMPUTE
STOP```
Be sure to put the COMPUTE and STOP lines on the bottom of the agreement score file.

Run KYST on this file and report the STRESS values for one, two, and three dimensions.

4. Make a two-dimensional plot of the Senators and President Bush using R. Check out the Double-Centering Program posted on my book page:

Spatial Models of Parliamentary Voting: Chapter 1

You can cannibalize the R code to do this plot. Label a few of the main Senators along with President Bush (be creative!!).

6. 50 POINTS EXTRA CREDIT CHALLENGE -- Write an R program that reads similarities/agreement scores matrix and the coordinates from a non-metric MDS and computes Stress (formula 1). For example, read in the color circle similarities and the coordinates and compute the stress. Note that this will require that you reproduce Kruskal's Monotone Regression algorithm so that you can produce the d-hats. Note that you can use the sort routines in R to solve this part of the problem.

You can calibrate your R code using the PRINT HISTORY, PRINT DISTANCES feature of KYST.

Note the usefulness of solving this problem. The isoMDS(,,,) routine in R is clearly faulty, so figuring out this program is one step towards figuring out a work-around for the erroneous Supreme Court results above.